International Archaeological Conference "Archeology and Tourism: Potential Determination and Heritage Management" under the auspices of UNESCO
Tashkent, Uzbekistan (UzDaily.com) -- Today, on 17 September, in Nukus, in preparation for the International Cultural Forum "Central Asia at the Crossroads of World Civilizations", an international archaeological conference "Archeology and Tourism: Identifying Potential and Managing Heritage" will be held.
The conference was organized by the Ministry of Tourism and Sports of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the National Commission of the Republic of Uzbekistan for UNESCO and the International Institute for Central Asian Studies (IICAS), with the support of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Karakalpakstan.
One of the most important prerequisites for the conference was the desire of the leadership of the Republic of Uzbekistan to find solutions for the study, preservation, use, popularization and sustainable management of historical and cultural heritage and, in particular, archaeological monuments. One of the most important steps, reflecting the complexity of the work carried out in the republic, was also the preparation of several nominations for unique objects of history and culture on the UNESCO World Heritage List, including the transnational serial nominations “The Great Silk Road: Zaravshan-Karakum Corridor” and “Heritage of Ancient Khorezm ”, Bringing together scientists and researchers from Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan; as well as an individual nomination from the Republic of Uzbekistan "Three hills of Mizdakhan".
As part of the ongoing research work across the country, the conference is intended to become a unique platform for Central Asia for a comprehensive and detailed discussion of the problems and tasks of studying and preserving the archaeological heritage. Possessing great potential, archaeological sites can become a catalyst for the development of cultural tourism at the national, regional and international levels.
More than fifty iconic specialists, famous scientists and practitioners in the field of archeology and historical and cultural heritage were invited to participate in the events. The topics of the reports will cover such areas as scientific and cultural exchanges, the establishment of interethnic dialogue and cooperation, as well as the contribution of historical and cultural heritage to the development of social and humanitarian sciences.
Depending on the field of research and the specifics of the scientific work carried out by one or another specialist, they were combined into thematic breakout sessions, which were scheduled to be held after the plenary session. Within the framework of the event, a cultural and excursion program was also developed for the participants, which will allow them to see and touch the most valuable archaeological monuments of ancient Khorezm, many of which are more than one thousand years old. Visiting unique sites will undoubtedly help raise awareness of the cultural heritage of Uzbekistan at the regional and international level.
Within the framework of the conference, it is planned to adopt the Central Asian Declaration of Principles for the Management of Archaeological Heritage, the first of its kind strategic document developed in Central Asia and reflecting the common vision of national governments and the scientific and academic community regarding the protection and promotion of archaeological heritage.
With reference to the generally recognized international legal documents approved by UNESCO, the Declaration is intended to outline the basic principles, approaches and methods of managing the archaeological heritage of the Central Asian region, which clearly has its own characteristics. The declared principles, based on advanced achievements and international experience, are intended to create a conceptual basis for the management of a rich archaeological heritage, up to 90% of which has not yet been explored and represents an enormous potential for various spheres of public life. One of the main goals of the adoption of the Declaration in the medium and long term is to improve national legislation and introduce into it the norms of applicable international law.
It should be noted that in the future it is planned to launch the process of ratification of the document by the General Assembly of UNESCO already as an international Convention, which will take its rightful place among the most important documents of international law in the field of cultural heritage protection.
Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan Aziz Abdukhakimov said: “The International Archaeological Conference “Archeology and Tourism: Defining Potential and Heritage Management” is a landmark event for the whole of Central Asia. On the sidelines of this important meeting, it is planned to discuss and adopt an extremely significant document - the "Central Asian Declaration of Principles for the Management of Archaeological Heritage" - the first such initiative in the history of the region, designed to unite all Central Asian countries in an effort to study, preserve and popularize the archaeological heritage at the highest international level."
Director of the International Institute for Central Asian Studies D.A. Voyakin noted: “Archaeological heritage is, on the one hand, the most extensive resource of historical and cultural heritage, on the other hand, it is the most vulnerable, fragile and non-renewable part of it. Careful and, which is not unimportant, competent attitude to archaeological monuments is the basis for their preservation and transmission to future generations. Care, competence and accounting are the basic ingredients of good governance. The development of management principles and their adoption by the international expert community is one of the tasks of the archaeological conference in Nukus. I am convinced that the scientific and practical results of the conference will soon become known far beyond the borders of Uzbekistan."