Priority tasks for the development of school education have been identified
Tashkent, Uzbekistan (UzDaily.com) -- On 28 December, President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev chaired a videoconference on the development of school education.
The future of the country, the success of all reforms and projects depend on the availability of a quality education system. Therefore, over the past four years, a lot of work has been done to improve the quality of education and raise the status of teachers. Now our country is entering a new era, and it is the issues of developing education and human capital that are identified as the fourth priority in the Development Strategy of Uzbekistan for 2022-2026.
The head of our state stressed that the development of schools is "a matter of life and death."
- We have no right to delay reforms in this area. No matter how difficult it is, from today we need to lay a solid foundation for school education. We will direct all our attention and resources. This path will be difficult, but only it can solve all problems, Shavkat Mirziyoyev said.
It was emphasized that improving the performance of schools should be the task not only of the Ministry of Public Education, but also of all ministries and departments, khokimiyats, scientific organizations, the intelligentsia, and the general public as a whole.
In particular, 10,130 schools throughout the country need to be improved. The future of more than 6 million students and over 500 thousand teachers, representatives of all strata of our society, of every family, depends on this.
Problems and topical issues in the field were noted at the meeting.
Today, 1,695 schools are in need of major repairs. Unfortunately, 179 adobe-built schools are still functioning. More than 3,000 schools need additional classrooms. Over 2,000 schools do not have sports halls.
In addition, in connection with the construction of new housing estates, the expansion of rural infrastructure and the growth of the population, another 270 schools are required to be built.
The current educational standards and curricula are aimed only at obtaining theoretical knowledge by students and do not teach children logical thinking, practical application of knowledge, do not prepare for life.
Of the 504,000 teachers working in schools, 60,000 have secondary specialized education, and 190,000 do not have a qualification category. Many teachers lack knowledge and skill. Teachers tend to “get more hours” and not to deliver a quality lesson.
In the school system, more than 200 types of reports are still compiled, lessons and activities are conducted according to uniform methods. The book fund of school libraries has not been updated for years. Only 615 schools have national musical instruments.
Evaluation of schools, their certification and accreditation are carried out "for show" and do not contribute to the improvement of the educational environment.
Such shortcomings require a radical revision of all approaches in the system of public education, their cardinal improvement. Therefore, it was noted at the meeting, major reforms will be launched to update both the appearance and the internal content of schools, bringing the quality of education to a whole new level.
- We will completely revise teaching methods, textbooks, everything - from the desk to the school building. Until the conditions for education and teachers are created, the society will not change. At the level of districts, regions and the republic, councils will be formed to reform school education. I will personally preside over the Republican Council. Khokims will head district and regional councils, the President said.
These councils organize their work in consultation with the people, taking into account the opinions of teachers, parents and specialists.
The meeting identified priority tasks in the development of school education.
In the next five years, 1.2 million student places must be created. The head of state gave instructions to increase the capacity of the school system through the construction of new schools and additional educational buildings in existing schools.
It was emphasized that from now on the khokims of regions, cities and districts will deal with these issues. In addition to the funds allocated by the state, a part of the proceeds to the local budget will also be sent to schools. Most importantly, new schools will be built and commissioned under the supervision of social activists, parents and the public.
The Ministry of Construction was instructed to develop projects of standard schools, taking into account new requirements.
The next important issue after conditions is the environment in schools. Emphasizing the need to reform the administration of the sphere, the head of state gave recommendations on the appointment of heads of public education departments and school directors from among qualified managers, attracting foreign specialists.
The Ministry of Public Education has been instructed to develop results-oriented requirements and criteria for these specialists.
Additional measures have been identified to stimulate high-class teachers who have formed their own unique pedagogical experience. Thus, the Fund of the Minister of Public Education will be formed, which at the first stage will receive 300 billion soums from the budget. The resources of the fund will be used to encourage teachers who introduce advanced pedagogical technologies and whose students achieve high results.
Initiatives were also announced to create "mobile methodological groups" in each region, consisting of teachers from pedagogical institutes, universities, academic lyceums and specialized schools. They will visit schools with low quality education, explain and assist teachers to learn new methods. For this, they will be given a salary increase.
The system of teacher training will also improve radically. To this end, 5 higher educational institutions in Tashkent and 17 in the regions will be assigned to schools. Students from the first year will be trained directly in schools. This will improve the professional skills of both students and school and university teachers.
It was also instructed to review the teaching load and the number of lessons in schools, introduce methods that encourage children to think, and completely update textbooks based on best practices.
Particular attention is paid to the meaningful organization of students’ leisure, the activation of sports and art clubs.
Highlighting the exceptional importance of reforms in the field of school education, the head of state instructed the responsible persons to develop an appropriate strategy in cooperation with international organizations. It was determined that on this basis the School Education Development Program will be adopted.
The proposals of ministers and khokims, teachers and school directors from all regions of the country were heard at the meeting.