New Uzbekistan and Regional Partnership in Central Asia
Tashkent, Uzbekistan (UzDaily.com) -- On 18 October, the International Institute of Central Asia (IICA) hosted an international scientific and practical conference on the topic "New Uzbekistan and regional partnership in Central Asia" with the participation of leading scientists and experts from the countries of the region, Russia, China , USA and Germany.
The event was co-organized by the representative office of the K. Adenauer Foundation in Central Asia.
The director of the IICA A. Nasirov, the First Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan A. Saidov, the First Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs F. Arziev, the First Deputy Director of the Institute for Strategic and Interregional Studies under the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan A. Nematov, Executive Director of the Center for Development Strategy E. Tulyakov, Authorized Representative of the K. Adenauer Foundation for Central Asia R. Heine, heads and representatives of diplomatic missions of Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan; Kyrgyzstan, accredited in Uzbekistan attended the event.
It was noted that during the period of independence, Uzbekistan has achieved important results in the development of political, economic and other spheres of state and social construction.
The speakers emphasized that in Uzbekistan over the past five years, the dynamics of changes have acquired a larger-scale character, which is embodied in the expression "New Uzbekistan".
At the same time, it is important that the key concept of the reforms is the principle "It is not the people who should serve the state bodies, but the state bodies must serve the people."
The speakers noted that the ongoing regional course of Uzbekistan is a symbol of renewal not only of the Uzbek foreign policy, but of the whole of Central Asia.
It was noted that thanks to the intensive personal dialogue between the leaders of the Central Asian states both in the bilateral format and on the platform of the Consultative Meetings, in recent years, relations between the states have been brought to an absolutely high-quality level, the trade, economic, transport, energy, industrial, cultural humanitarian cooperation. Issues that are sensitive for the region are openly discussed, including the delimitation and demarcation of state borders, the rational use of the region’s water resources.
A. Nasirov emphasized that within the framework of the implementation of the Action Strategy in five priority areas of development of Uzbekistan, a colossal and titanic work has been carried out in the country to reform all spheres of life of the state and society.
The adoption of this document marked a qualitatively new approach to the system of strategic planning of the prospects for the state and social development of the country.
In addition, in a short period, significant results have been achieved in the implementation of a balanced and constructive foreign policy, the development of friendly and mutually beneficial relations with foreign states, primarily with neighboring countries.
It was emphasized that the main achievement of Uzbekistan’s foreign policy was the cardinal changes in the development of good-neighborly relations in Central Asia - with Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan. This contributed to the strengthening of interaction between the countries of the region, the formation of a completely new political atmosphere, the restoration and strengthening of mutual trust, and made it possible to resolve a number of important issues that had a constraining effect on the development of cooperation for many years.
Stable Central Asia is becoming one of the important centers of economic growth. Thus, according to a number of experts, the aggregate GDP of the countries of the region has grown by 25% over the past four years and has already exceeded US$300 billion. At the same time, we are witnessing a dynamic growth of intraregional trade, for the first time in recent years, significant joint projects of industrial cooperation have been implemented, interaction in the field of transport and transit, energy and water use is increasing.
First Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan A. Saidov noted that Central Asia is becoming an important historical and civilizational region, which historically was at the crossroads of the Great Silk Road and where more than 70 million people currently live.
It was noted that thanks to the course conducted by the President of Uzbekistan, a new reality appeared in the region.
Attention was focused on the fact that thanks to the expansion of the legal framework, cooperation has received a new dynamic of relations between the countries of the region in almost all spheres.
The First Deputy Speaker of the Oliy Majlis highly appreciated the creation in Uzbekistan of the International Institute of Central Asia, which has taken a worthy place among the analytical centers of Uzbekistan and the countries of Central Asia and will take an active part in various events aimed at strengthening regional cooperation.
Addressing the ambassadors and representatives of the analytical circles of the countries of the region, A. Saidov proposed to intensify cooperation in the field of youth politics, the parliamentary dimension and cultural and humanitarian interaction. In particular, a proposal was put forward to implement a project to publish books on the cultural and historical heritage of the Central Asian countries.
Speaking with a welcoming speech, the head of the representative office of the K. Adenauer Foundation in Central Asia R. Heine noted the consistent increase in the status of Uzbekistan in the world arena, the growth of its authority in leading international organizations and in the space of Central Asia.
He stressed that Uzbekistan, especially in recent years, has been steadily pursuing a course towards modernizing the country, implementing large-scale transformations that are recognized throughout the world. The Foundation supports the ongoing reforms in Uzbekistan and is interested in expanding and deepening mutually beneficial cooperation in all priority areas.
According to R. Heine, the implementation of the plans and serious innovative approaches should ensure the further successful movement of the people of Uzbekistan along the path of creating a modern, open, free and prosperous society.
Director of the Kazakhstan Institute for Strategic Studies Z. Shaukenova stressed that the Central Asian region has good prospects for integration into world processes. Two large states, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan, are linked by strong bonds of friendship and are called upon to play a significant role in the development of regional and interregional ties. At the same time, Kazakhstan perceives in an extremely positive context the initiatives of Tashkent and its large-scale reforms.
According to the rector of the Institute of International Relations under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan J. Gurbangeldyev, the progressive development of Turkmen-Uzbek relations is based on constant political dialogue, expanding the spheres of trade and economic partnership, as well as strengthening interaction in various areas of cultural and humanitarian cooperation.
Deputy Director of the National Institute for Strategic Studies of Kyrgyzstan E. Checheibayev drew attention to the need to develop joint approaches to the development of Central Asia, incl. coordinated response to common challenges and threats. In this regard, a call was made to work in a multilateral format to achieve common goals. In his opinion, this can be facilitated by the level of trust that has been established between the leaders of the Central Asian states.
Deputy Head of the Department for Analysis and Forecasting of Foreign Policy of the Center for Foreign Policy of Tajikistan M. Abdujabborov stated that the friendship between Tashkent and Dushanbe has a thousand-year history. Over the past five years, relations between the countries have reached a fundamentally new level of equal and mutually beneficial cooperation. Today, cooperation between Uzbekistan and Tajikistan can be regarded as an exemplary model of strategic partnership.
President of the Russian State Humanitarian University E. Pivovar noted that Uzbekistan is one of the countries with significant integration potential in the post-Soviet space. In its foreign policy, Tashkent proceeds from the position that joint achievements in the socio-economic and socio-political spheres, mutual understanding and good-neighborliness are the most important areas that need to be developed.
Chairman of the Institute of Central Asia and the Caucasus (USA) F. Starr, as a unique distinguishing feature of Central Asia among other regions of the world, noted its homogeneity in terms of geographical, anthropological and historical criteria, which creates a solid basis for sustainable regionalism in the region, which began to be promoted by states in last years.
In this context, F. Starr especially noted the words of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev about Uzbekistan’s striving for a true partnership on equal terms.
The American expert praised the policy pursued by Uzbekistan to expand and deepen regional cooperation.
Leading specialist of the International Institute for Central Asian Studies (IICA) A. Feyzullayev highly appreciated the policy of Uzbekistan in the field of studying, preserving, using, popularizing the historical and cultural heritage of the country and the entire region.
According to him, held on 17 September 2021 within the framework of the International Cultural Forum "Central Asia at the Crossroads of World Civilizations" in Nukus, the international archaeological conference on the topic: "Archeology and Tourism: Determining the Potential and Managing Heritage" made a significant practical contribution to the development archeology in the region and served as a platform for uniting scientists and researchers.
Particular attention is paid to the study of theoretical issues of cooperation between the countries of Central Asia, the definition of areas of scientific research on topical issues in the field of investment, transport and communication, water and energy, environmental and cultural and humanitarian policy.
The event was also attended by the director of the Institute of History, Ethnography and Archeology of the National Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan U. Nasrullo, the head of the Center for Humanitarian Research in Central Asia of the National Academy of Sciences of Kyrgyzstan Ch. Koichumanova, director of the Institute of Oriental Studies. R.B. Suleimanova (Kazakhstan) D. Masimkhanuly, Director of the Information and Analytical Center of the Moscow State University. M.V. Lomonosova D. Chizhova, Director of the Center for the Study of Central Asia, Shengxi State Pedagogical University (PRC) Li Qi, Head of the Department of Regional Studies, Eurasian National University named after L.N. Gumilyova A. Ospanova, director of the non-state scientific institution "Caravan of Knowledge" F. Tolipov, associate professor of the Tashkent branch of the Russian University of Economics named after G. Plekhanov R. Nazarov.
The participants of the event expressed specific proposals aimed at regional economic development, strengthening cooperation in various fields and building capacity to counter modern challenges and threats.
They noted the importance of continuing the practice of holding such conferences on a regular basis with the participation of representatives of all Central Asian countries, which will contribute to further rapprochement and deepening the centuries-old ties of friendship, good-neighborliness and multifaceted partnership of fraternal states and peoples.