International treaty prohibiting forced labor enters into force in Uzbekistan
Tashkent, Uzbekistan (UzDaily.com) -- On 16 September 2020, the Protocol to Convention No. 29 of the International Labor Organization of 1930 on forced labor will come into force for the Republic of Uzbekistan (Geneva, 11 June 2014). Earlier, Uzbekistan ratified the Protocol in accordance with Law No. ЗРУ-545 from 25 June 2019.
The Republic of Uzbekistan today is a party to all 8 fundamental conventions of the ILO. This Protocol forms an integral part of one of these fundamental conventions, the ILO Forced Labor Convention of 1930. Uzbekistan has been a party to the Convention since 13 July 1992.
The Protocol was adopted with the aim of excluding from the Convention a number of outdated provisions that do not correspond to today’s realities, as well as supplementing it with norms that effectively counter such phenomena as trafficking in persons for the purpose of forced labor.
The document strengthens the international legal framework by establishing new obligations to prevent forced labor, protect victims and ensure access to remedies.
The protocol provides that each member of the ILO:
1. Develops national policies and action plans to effectively end forced labor in the long term, in consultation with employers ‘and workers’ organizations.
2. Implement measures that include:
- educating and informing persons, in particular those who are considered particularly vulnerable, in order to prevent them from becoming victims of forced labor;
- efforts to ensure that the scope of legislation relating to forced or compulsory labor, as appropriate, extends to all workers and all sectors of the economy;
- supporting both the public and private sectors in their proactive efforts to prevent the risks of forced or compulsory labor;
- uncovering the root causes and factors that increase the risk of forced labor.
3. Takes effective measures to identify, release, protect, restore and rehabilitate all victims of forced labor, and provides other forms of assistance and support.
Participation in the Protocol contributes to the improvement of national legislation in accordance with international labor standards and the development of cooperation between the republic and the ILO in the field of eradicating forced labor.