Anti-corruption and public control systems to be improved
Tashkent, Uzbekistan (UzDaily.com) -- President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev held a meeting on 11 February to improve anti-corruption systems and public control.
Corruption is one of the main obstacles to the development of the economy, the creation of a truly favorable business environment and investment climate. According to some estimates, the damage to the global economy from corruption is on average US$2.6 trillion a year.
This problem has not passed our country. In the index compiled by the international organization Transparency International, Uzbekistan over the past three years has improved its position by 12 points, however, this vicious phenomenon is still far from being completely eradicated.
According to our compatriots, corruption is most widespread in the medical, educational, banking, customs, judicial systems, prosecutors, internal affairs, in public services, as well as when hiring citizens.
For example, 25-30 percent of funds in the health care system are used inefficiently. In many areas, public procurement is not transparent.
The head of our state, in his recent Address to Parliament, noted the need to move from eliminating the consequences of corruption to its early warning, and proposed the formation of a separate body responsible for combating corruption.
The meeting discussed the organization of this new structure.
Instructions were given on the development and implementation of anti-corruption programs in areas with a high level of corruption.
One of the main factors in the fight against corruption is the transparency of the activities and work processes of government bodies. The main attention should be paid to ensuring openness and transparency in employment, public procurement, issuing permits, licenses and other processes, was noted at the meeting.
The Ministry of Justice and the General Prosecutor’s Office have been instructed, in cooperation with the United Nations Development Program, to introduce a compliance control system in ministries, companies and khokimiyats, which provides for the development and implementation of internal anti-corruption measures.
The need for the development and implementation with the involvement of foreign experts of all the organizational and legal foundations for the declaration of property and income by civil servants is indicated.
Responsible persons were given instructions on the development of the necessary documents on the organization of an anti-corruption structure based on foreign experience. It was emphasized that it should not only implement and coordinate state policy in this area, but also have all the forces and means to combat corruption.
One important means of eradicating this evil is public control.
Today, over 10 thousand non-governmental non-profit organizations operate in the country. But their role and activity could be much higher. There is no holistic system that would express their interests, acted as a bridge between these organizations and the state.
The current system of interaction with the public is not able to bring to the center issues of concern to our people on the ground and in various fields, and does not allow achieving tangible results. Many non-governmental non-profit organizations carry out activities “formally”.
What is the use of such large associations as “Mahalla”, “Nuroniy”, and the Committee of Women for citizens, what urgent issues have they been able to raise and solve? Unfortunately, there is no satisfactory answer to these questions.
In this regard, in the Address to the Oliy Majlis, the President proposed creating a Public Chamber to strengthen public control and establish closer interaction between the state and society.
The meeting discussed the main tasks, organizational aspects of the chamber.
It was noted that the Public Chamber should regularly study the opinion of the population, set specific tasks for government agencies to solve them. The importance of introducing such effective forms of public control as public hearings, public monitoring, public examination and public initiative is pointed out.
The important activities of the new chamber will also be the revitalization of non-governmental non-profit organizations and public councils under state bodies, the provision of comprehensive methodological assistance to them.
Instructions were given on creating the organizational and legal foundations of the Public Chamber, taking into account these tasks, on developing a program of measures to develop civil society institutions for 2020-2021.
The issues of improving the activities of the Public Fund for the Support of Non-Governmental Non-Profit Organizations and Other Civil Society Institutions under the Oliy Majlis, the allocation of grants to non-governmental non-profit organizations for their study and development of proposals for effective resolution of problems in society were also considered.
Appropriate measures were identified on the issues discussed at the meeting.