Shavkat Mirziyoyev: The main criterion in assessing the activities of regional leaders will be an increase in the number of business entities and jobs
Tashkent, Uzbekistan (UzDaily.com) - The head of state, Shavkat Mirziyoyev, in his Address to the Parliament paid special attention to social issues:
“We will accelerate the continuation of large-scale social reforms to radically improve the life of the people, which over the past three years have been carried out on the basis of the principle“ Human interests are above all. ”
The first one. Improving the well-being of people and strengthening their social protection will remain among our most important tasks.
It is no secret that most of the inhabitants of the regions, especially villages, do not have sufficient sources of income. As in all countries, we also have low-income groups. According to various estimates, this indicator is 12-15 percent. It is about 4-5 million inhabitants of our country.
Many believe that this problem can be solved by paying benefits and material assistance or by increasing their size. However, this is a one-sided approach that does not fundamentally solve the problem.
Poverty reduction requires the implementation of a comprehensive economic and social policy - from stimulating entrepreneurial activity to mobilizing the abilities and potential of the population, creating new jobs.
In this regard, I propose to develop, together with the World Bank, the United Nations Development Program and other international organizations, a Poverty Reduction Program.
It is necessary, on the basis of a deep analysis of international norms, to develop a new methodology, including the definition of poverty, the criteria and methods for assessing it.
At the same time, in all regions it is necessary to gradually introduce the experiment begun in 22 rural districts of the Ferghana Valley to develop modern business and entrepreneurship skills among the population, which gives positive results.
Priority should be given to implementing entrepreneurial initiatives that contribute to solving local social problems, especially supporting entrepreneurship among youth and women.
The population and entrepreneurs will be given wide access to microfinance services and financial resources, to public procurement.
With these measures, we will increase people’s interest in entrepreneurship, business confidence and the desire to increase their income.
However, as you know, not everyone has entrepreneurial ability. Therefore, we must pay special attention to such people and provide them with decent work through professional retraining.
700 million dollars will be allocated for these purposes.
We must comprehensively support job creation entrepreneurs.
The Cabinet of Ministers is instructed to develop a draft law on the basics of social entrepreneurship and measures to stimulate it within 2 months.
Along with this, the Government should ensure the creation of 500 thousand new jobs within the framework of state programs this year.
I want to emphasize that the main criterion in assessing the activities of regional leaders will be the increase in the number of business entities and jobs in sectors, spheres, regions and areas.
During the year, wages, pensions, scholarships and allowances will increase ahead of inflation. It is also necessary to introduce a new system for paying social benefits, including expanding coverage of low-income families, and ensuring targeted spending of budget funds. At the same time, it is necessary to revise the criteria and move to a transparent system for assigning benefits, to give a critical assessment of participation in this mahalla.
In general, the new system should work so that citizens can apply for social benefits in one department, which on the same day will prepare all the necessary documents and resolve the issue. In addition, a system will be created in which it is enough for citizens to present a passport to apply for a pension. For this purpose, it is necessary to transfer the state archive fund to an electronic data bank.
This year it is necessary to create a holistic and effective system of working with older people, especially single people, and their social support. It is also necessary to review the amount of social benefits allocated to them.
A separate program for the social adaptation of pupils of the Mehribonlik houses will be developed, in particular, providing them with jobs, and later on housing. It is very important for us that such children constantly feel the care and attention of the state and society.
It is necessary to review the payment of disability benefits for burial, in connection with the loss of the breadwinner, compensation for work-related injuries. A law on social insurance is needed.
The Cabinet of Ministers is entrusted with the task of developing a Concept for Social Protection of the Population within two months, providing for priority tasks in these areas.
The second one. We will consistently continue our reforms to develop the healthcare system and improve the quality of medical care for the population.
We need to take practical measures to create decent working conditions and increase the income of medical workers, to strengthen their authority in society.
1.5 trillion soums will be allocated to provide state medical institutions and the population with medicines and medical supplies, that is 1.3 times more than last year. It is planned to send 1.1 trillion soums to the construction and repair of 281 medical institutions.
At the same time, it is necessary to introduce a modern management system in 17 specialized scientific and practical medical centers.
Measures should be taken to further develop private medicine through public-private partnerships, to strengthen healthy competition in the field, primarily by attracting foreign investment in the development of specialized medical centers.
Time itself requires improving the quality of hematological and virological care for the population, radically reforming the medical care system for patients with intractable diseases of this category. We need to increase funding for the early detection of hematological and viral diseases, the training of qualified hematologists, virologists and immunologists, and the purchase of medicines and medical equipment.
It is necessary to introduce electronic medical records in specialized centers and their branches, in particular, this year - in medical institutions in Tashkent.
In order to fundamentally reform the healthcare financing system, it is necessary to adopt a law on compulsory health insurance in 2020 and develop all organizational measures for introducing a new system. As an experiment, this year it will begin to function in the Syrdarya region.
The urgent tasks are to control the circulation of medicines, suppress the circulation of counterfeit products, and create a system for tracking real prices of drugs on-line.
The third. We must continue systematic work to support youth and women.
In 2020, 100 billion soums of soft loans will be allocated for the implementation of business projects of 5.5 thousand women. The necessary resources for this will be directed to banks from the State budget. In addition, the state compensates 1,576 women for a down payment on new housing. Within the framework of the Five Initiatives program, it is necessary to organize short-term training courses in order to gain a profession in female entrepreneurship centers.
Fundamental transformations in our country determine the relevance of the further development of state youth policy. We must introduce common criteria for evaluating the effectiveness of work with youth, a national index for evaluating youth policy.
The Youth Union of Uzbekistan should develop the Concept “Youth of Uzbekistan - 2025” and determine practical measures to educate the spiritually and physically developed younger generation.
No one should stand aside in a very important work to ensure peace and tranquility in our country, a deep affirmation in society of the principle: “Take care of your children, your home, your homeland - like the apple of an eye!”
Of paramount importance is the development of the spiritual and moral world of our people, especially youth. Therefore, the most important task for us is its education on the basis of the idea “From national revival to national progress”, in the spirit of patriotism, devotion to the motherland.
As you know, in the Republic of Karakalpakstan we started implementing new initiatives, which now need to be distributed throughout the country.
I urge the leaders of the regions and the local community to pay serious attention to solving this important issue.
Fourth. We should further disseminate a healthy lifestyle among the population.
To this end, in the regions it is necessary to build new objects of mass sports, especially for young people. This year, projects for nearly 500 billion soums will be implemented, providing for the construction of 269 football, volleyball, basketball and badminton courts, 178 halls for boxing, kurash, fitness and gymnastics, 32 tennis courts.
A transparent four-stage system for the selection of gifted athletes will be introduced on the principle of “organization - district (city) - region - republic”.
The government and the National Olympic Committee must create all conditions for a decent performance of our athletes at the upcoming Olympic and Paralympic Games in Tokyo.
Fifth. Attention should be focused on environmental issues and improving the environmental situation in the country.
We will continue large-scale work to mitigate the consequences of the Aral Sea tragedy, to expand forest plantations on the dry bottom of the sea, and to create green belts around the cities of Nukus, Urgench and Khiva.
Important tasks are also the improvement of the environmental control system in production, the revision of the environmental audit procedure and the intensification of private audit activities in this field.
The government is tasked with developing a program of comprehensive measures for 2020–2025 to prevent the environmental impact of industrial development.
Until October 1 of this year, it is necessary to develop a draft Environmental Code with the participation of leading international experts.
The Council of Ministers of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, khokimiyats of regions, districts and cities should ensure the development and unconditional implementation of programs in the field of environmental protection, waste management in each region and at each enterprise.
Sixth. It is necessary to pay special attention to cultural and art institutions and take measures to strengthen their material and technical base.
This year, from the budgetary funds, the buildings of 22 theaters and cultural institutions will be erected and reconstructed.
Also, on the basis of public-private partnerships, 20 cultural centers, culture and leisure parks will be opened.
In the field of cinematography, it is necessary to ensure the development of the modern film industry, the construction of new cinemas, and the creation of highly artistic works. This year, the cinema production system based on the state order will be improved.
In this regard, it is necessary to develop a Concept for the development of the cinematographic industry until 2030 and a law on cinematography.
This year we have to hold a high-level important event in the cultural life of the country - the second International Poppy Art Festival in Shakhrisabz.
Also this year, we should worthily celebrate the 145th anniversary of Mahmudhoji Behbudi, an outstanding scientist and public figure who boldly advocated freedom of the motherland and enlightenment of the people at that difficult time in our history.
In general, we need to deeply study the history of the Jadid movement, the legacy of our enlightened ancestors. The more we study this spiritual heritage, the easier it will be for us to find answers to questions that concern us today. The more actively we promote it, the stronger our people, especially youth, will appreciate the current peaceful and free life.