The President signs the law on the peaceful uses of atomic energy
Tashkent, Uzbekistan (UzDaily.com) - President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev signed a law “On the Use of Atomic Energy for Peaceful Purposes”.
The law was passed by the Legislative Chamber on 2 and approved by the Senate on 23 August.
The law establishes the basic concepts, defines the principles of the use of atomic energy, such as legality, safety, the priority of protecting the life and health of citizens, the environment, the independence of the state regulatory bodies for the safety of atomic energy use, openness and transparency, conscientious fulfillment of international obligations, and the objects of its use are provided - nuclear installations, storage facilities, nuclear materials, nuclear fuel, fuel assemblies of nuclear reactors moat spent nuclear fuel, radioactive waste.
The main directions of state policy in the field of atomic energy use are determined, such as the development of national nuclear infrastructure, the construction of nuclear facilities and storage facilities, environmental protection and the protection of the population when using atomic energy, the organization of a safe nuclear fuel cycle, the long-term development of nuclear energy, development international cooperation.
The basic principles of the use of atomic energy are the protection of the life and health of citizens, property of individuals and legal entities, as well as the priority of environmental protection, ensuring safety, transparency of information, banning the production of nuclear weapons and other nuclear explosive devices.
It will be possible for ordinary citizens to visit nuclear facilities for informational purposes, to request and receive from government bodies information on the safety of nuclear facilities planned for construction, designed, constructed, operated and decommissioned, with the exception of information constituting state secrets and other secrets protected by law.
Three safety zones will be created around the NPP, including a sanitary protection zone with a special regime of use, in which it is forbidden to place residential premises and public buildings, children's institutions.
An observation zone will also be created in the territory of which the radiation exposure of the nuclear installation is likely to affect the population living in this area. And the third is a security zone with a special legal regime.
The intergovernmental agreement on the construction of a nuclear power plant under the Russian project was signed on 7 September 2018 by the heads of the governments of Russia and Uzbekistan. The start of the construction project of the first nuclear power plant in Uzbekistan was given by the presidents of Uzbekistan and Russia in Tashkent on 19 October 2018.
The contract for the construction of nuclear power plants in Uzbekistan is planned to be concluded before the end of this year. At the same time, the construction itself will begin in 2022. The project will be financed at the expense of own funds of Uzbekistan and the state loan of Russia.
The nuclear power plant will consist of two VVER-1200 power units of the 3+ generation with a capacity of 1,200 MW each, which meet all the safety requirements of the International Atomic Energy Agency.
As a result of the launch of a nuclear power plant, significant volumes of natural gas (3.7 billion cubic meters) will be saved. Carbon dioxide emissions will decrease to 14 million tonnes and nitrogen oxides by 36 thousand tonnes.